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A to Z

Our jargon-busting Dictionary helps you to understand specialist antiques and collectables terms. Also included are the histories of factories, designers, and style movements across the centuries.

Showing 1 to 6 of 15 articles

 

Millers Unaker

The Cherokee name for a form of kaolin from colonial Virginia, which was used in the 17th century for the earliest Colonial porcelain, and which was later imported to England for the early porcelain made at Bow. ...

Uncirculated Uncirculated

A term used to describe paper money (notes) and coins that have not been in general public circulation. Without the wear and damage of usage, this money is in the same condition as when it left the mint that produced it. Hence the term 'mint ...

Undercut Undercut

A type of carving that hollows out or cuts away the wood to create a light, refined impression. It was perfected in the 17th and 18th centuries by carvers (such as Grinling Gibbons) who used it to decorate mirrors and other furniture. ...

Underglaze Underglaze

A decoration painted onto a biscuit body. After the decoration has been put onto the body, it is glazed and then fired again. The palette is limited, as any colours used have to withstand the full heat of the kiln. The main colour used is cobalt ...

Union Glass Company Union Glass Company

A large American glassworks, founded as a small factory in Somerville, Massachusetts, in 1851 by Amory and Francis Houghton. The Houghtons left in 1864 and Thomas Dana took over the factory, renaming it the Union Glass Company. It ...

Union Porcelain Works Union Porcelain Works

A large US porcelain works founded in 1861 by Thomas Carll Smith (1815–1901) in Brooklyn, New York. The site chosen for Union had previously been occupied by an earlier works that had been operated by William Boch & Brothers, and was close ...