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Enamel  This describes coloured glass fused by heating in a furnace to create a design or decorative finish on a metallic surface.

The term often misused to indicate the opaque Glaze applied to Earthenware.

Enamelling adapts to a broad spectrum of translucent or opaque colours and can be successfully used to imitate gemstones.

There are many distinct enamelling techniques; some, such as Cloisonné, date back to 1400 BC.

Guilloché enamel was employed extensively by Fabergé and Cartier.

Pliqué à jour was popular with Art Nouveau goldsmiths.

En ronde bosse, the opaque enamelling of miniature objects or figures in high relief, was used in the Middle Ages.

Grisaille enamelling is executed in black-and-white or shades of grey.

Enamel en resaille is a rare type of enamelling inlaid in glass.

Painted enamel is a method of creating a picture similar to painting on canvas but is usually executed on copper.

In counter enamel, a coating of plain enamel on the reverse of a decorated enamel plaque was used to strengthen it during firing. This is often seen in Swiss enamel jewellery.

See also Champlevé and Basse taille.

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